Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas


The menstrual cycle is the regular changes which are normal in the body that occurs in the woman reproductive system which makes pregnancy possible in women or females.

for the production of oocytes, the menstrual cycle is required.

also for the preparation for uterus for the pregnancy menstrual cycle is required.

when estrogen falls and rises in the female body menstrual cycle occurs.

the menstrual cycle makes uterus lining thicker than normal uterus cycle and make the growth of the egg.

Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas

from the ovary, eggs are released at day fourteen of the menstrual cycle. if pregnancy does not occur in a female then menstrual occurs or period occurs.


the menstrual cycle of females divided into 4 phases which are listed below.

  1. menstrual phase
  2. follicular phase
  3. ovulation phase
  4. luteal phase

Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas

the duration of all phases is deffer from female to female in the menstrual cycle.

the menstrual cycle phases are common in all-female.


when blood starts to come out from the vagina that day is count as the first day of the menstrual cycle phase.

  1. menstrual phase - day 1 to 5
  2. follicular phase - day 1 to 13
  3. ovulation phase - day 14
  4. luteal phase - day 15 to 28

the average duration or timing of menstrual cycle phase is 28 days with many cycle lengths between 25 to 30 days.

the menstrual cycle is divided into 4 phases.

the follicular phase starts from the first day of ovulation.

Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas


menstrual cycle length is the number of days from the day first of bleeding in the last period of yours, the first day of bleeding in your next. from the number, subtract 14 days from the end of your current menstrual cycle to determine the day you ovulate.

for menstrual cycle calculation click below,

Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas

Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas


many women have questions about there menstrual cycle calculation which is listed below.

1) how do I calculate my menstruation cycle?

to figure out how much longer your menstrual cycle is, begin at cycle first day of your previous menstrual cycle, and start counting. the length= the last cycle day before you started bleeding again.

2) how do I calculate my free period?

consider the shortest cycle for the calculation of the first fertile day.
subtract 18 from the total number of days.
use the result to count from the first day of your cycle to mark the first fertile day.
consider the longest cycle for the calculation of the last fertile day.


menstrual cramps also called Dysmenorrhea.

cramps and pelvic pain with menstruation, with common causes such as heavy flow, passing clots, uterine fibroids, or endometriosis.

Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas


Menstrual cramps can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease. examples include normal periods, have periods, wind, or constipation.

SELF TREATMENT            

taking pain medication such as ibuprofen or paracetamol may help to relieve menstrual cramps and pain. using a heating pad may also help.


·        make an appointment to see a doctor If you:

are older than 25 and haven't had cramps before
get more severe cramping than usual

have symptoms that interfere with work or other tasks

·        see a doctor immediately if you:

bleed heavily, soaking through one pad or tampon every hout or two hour
experience changes to your bleeding pattern


1) Menstrual phase (day 1-5)

The menstrual phase begins on the first day of menstruation and lasts until the 5th day of the menstrual cycle. The following events occur during this phase:

The uterus sheds its inner lining of soft tissue and blood vessels which exits the body from the vagina in the form of menstrual fluid.

Blood loss of 10 ml to 80 ml is considered normal.

You may experience abdominal cramps. These cramps are caused by the contraction of the uterine and the abdominal muscles to expel the menstrual fluid

2) Follicular phase (day 1-13)

This phase also begins on the first day of menstruation, but it lasts until the 13th day of the menstrual cycle. The following events occur during this phase:

The pituitary gland secretes a hormone that stimulates the egg cells in the ovaries to grow.
One of these egg cells begins to mature in a sac-like-structure called a follicle. It takes 13 days for the egg cell to reach maturity.

While the egg cell matures, its follicle secretes a hormone that stimulates the uterus to develop a lining

 of blood vessels and soft tissue called the endometrium.

3) Ovulation phase (day 14)

On the 14th day of the cycle, the pituitary gland secretes a hormone that causes the ovary to release the matured egg cell. The released egg cell is swept into the fallopian tube by the cilia of the fimbriae. Fimbriae are finger-like projections located at the end of the fallopian tube close to the ovaries and cilia are slender hair-like projections on each Fimbria.

4) Luteal phase (day 15-28)

This phase begins on the 15th day and lasts until the end of the cycle. The following events occur during this phase:

The egg cell released during the ovulation phase stays in the fallopian tube for 24 hours.
If a sperm cell does not impregnate the egg cell within that time, the egg cell disintegrates.
The hormone that causes the uterus to retain its endometrium gets used up by the end of the menstrual cycle. This causes the menstrual phase of the next cycle to begin.


in menstrual cycle, hormonal changes are common in females. the hormonal changes are various in woman to woman.

there are many hormones are listed below which are involved in the menstrual cycle.

  1. Progesterone
  2. Luteinizing hormone
  3. Follicle-stimulating hormone
  4. Estradiol
  5. Sex steroids
  6. Testosterone
  7. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  8. Human chorionic gonadotropin
  9. Estrone
  10. Androstenedione
  11. Dehydroepiandrosterone
  12. Anti-Mullerian hormone

this all is the menstrual cycle hormones which participates in the menstrual cycle of the female.

menstrual cycle with hormone is very common in all women's menstrual cycle occurs with hormones imbalance.


The menstrual cycle, which is counted from the first day of one period to the first day of the next, isn't the same for every woman. Menstrual flow might occur every 21 to 35 days and lasts two to seven days. For the first few years after menstruation begins, long cycles are common. However, menstrual cycles tend to shorten and become more regular as you age.

Your menstrual cycle might be regular — about the same length every month — or somewhat irregular, and your period might be light or heavy, painful or pain-free, long or short, and still be considered normal. Within a broad range, "normal" is what's normal for you.

Keep in mind that the use of certain types of contraception, such as extended-cycle birth control pills and intrauterine devices (IUDs), will alter your menstrual cycle. Talk to your health care provider about what to expect.

When you get close to menopause, your cycle might become irregular again. However, because the risk of uterine cancer increases as you age, discuss any irregular bleeding around menopause with your health care provider.

What causes menstrual cycle regulation?

Menstrual cycle anomalies can have a wide range of causes, including: Pregnancy or bosom taking care of. A missed period can be an early indication of pregnancy. Bosom taking care of normally postpones the arrival of the feminine cycle after pregnancy. Dietary issues, outrageous weight reduction, or extreme working out. Dietary issues.

for example, anorexia nervosa — extraordinary weight reduction and expanded physical action can upset the feminine cycle. Polycystic ovary condition (PCOS). Ladies with this basic endocrine framework issue may have unpredictable periods just as expanded ovaries that contain little assortments of liquid — called follicles — situated in every ovary as observed during an ultrasound test. Untimely ovarian disappointment.

Untimely ovarian disappointment alludes to the loss of ordinary ovarian capacity before age 40. Ladies who have untimely ovarian disappointment — otherwise called essential ovarian inadequacy — might have unpredictable or infrequent periods for quite a long time. Pelvic provocative sickness (PID).

This disease of the regenerative organs can cause unpredictable menstrual dying. Uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous developments of the uterus. They can cause overwhelming menstrual periods and delayed menstrual periods.

What can I do to prevent menstrual irregularities?

For certain ladies, the utilization of anti-conception medication pills can help manage menstrual cycles. Treatment for any basic issues, for example, a dietary problem, additionally may help.

Be that as it may, some menstrual abnormalities can't be forestalled. Furthermore, counsel your human services supplier if: Your periods out of nowhere stop for over 90 days — and you're not pregnant Your periods become flighty in the wake of having been ordinary You seep for over seven days You drain more intensely than expected or splash through more than one cushion or tampon each hour or two Your periods are under 21 days or over 35 days separated You seep between periods You create extreme torment during your period You out of nowhere get a fever and feel wiped out in the wake of utilizing tampons


The menstrual cycle is always counted from the first day of the period to the first day of the next coming period.

the total median menstrual cycle is 28 days longer.

the menstrual cycle can range anywhere between 21 to 35 days in adult females and 21 to 45 days in younger females.

the hormone imbalance control the menstrual cycle in females.


Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas


Menstrual cycle phases, hormones, chart, calculator | pharmaas


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